Our team specializes in treating orthopedic trauma and fractures, as well as providing comprehensive treatment for conditions such as arthritis, sports injuries, and other musculoskeletal disorders.
Our goal is to ensure that our patients get the help they need to return to their normal activities.
Fractures, commonly known as broken bones, are a common injury that can occur in any bone in the body. A fracture refers to a crack or break in the bone, and it can range from a hairline fracture to a complete break. Fractures can result from trauma, such as a fall or accident, or from conditions that weaken the bone, such as osteoporosis or certain diseases.
There are different types of fractures, including:
Closed fracture: Also known as a simple fracture, this type of fracture does not penetrate the skin. The broken bone remains within the body.
Open fracture: Also called a compound fracture, this type of fracture involves a broken bone that pierces through the skin, increasing the risk of infection.
Greenstick fracture: This fracture occurs in children when one side of the bone is broken, while the other side is bent but not completely fractured. It resembles a green twig that has been partially broken.
Comminuted fracture: In this type of fracture, the bone breaks into multiple fragments or pieces. It often occurs due to high-energy trauma.
Stress fracture: Stress fractures are small cracks that develop in the bone due to repetitive stress or overuse. They commonly occur in weight-bearing bones, such as the shinbone (tibia) or foot bones.
Pathologic fracture: This type of fracture occurs when a bone is weakened by an underlying disease, such as cancer or osteoporosis. Even minor stress or injury can cause a pathologic fracture.
The symptoms of a fracture may include severe pain, swelling, bruising, deformity, difficulty moving the affected area, and a grating or cracking sound at the time of injury. Diagnosis is typically made through a physical examination, imaging studies (such as X-rays or MRI), and sometimes a bone scan.
Treatment for fractures aims to realign the broken bone, promote healing, and restore function. It may involve:
Immobilization: Fractured bones are often immobilized using casts, splints, or braces to keep the bone in place and prevent further damage.
Reduction: Some fractures require a reduction procedure to realign the bone fragments. This can be done manually (closed reduction) or through surgery (open reduction).
Surgical intervention: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to stabilize the bone fragments with internal fixation devices like screws, plates, or rods.
Pain management: Pain medications may be prescribed to manage pain during the healing process.
Rehabilitation: Physical therapy exercises and rehabilitation are often recommended to restore strength, flexibility, and function after the bone has healed.
The recovery time for a fracture varies depending on the type and location of the fracture, as well as individual factors. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions regarding weight-bearing, activity restrictions, and follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing.
If you suspect a fracture, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential for optimal healing and to minimise complications associated with fractures.